A risk assessment involves a few simple steps:
Anything that has the potential to cause harm.
Assess the Level of Risk for each Hazard:
The likelihood and degree of harm from each hazard, taking into account the individual, the task involved and the environment.
Identify Controls or Improvements to Avoid or Reduce the Risk:
Elimination of risk is the best outcome of a risk assessment, this may be possible through mechanisation or automation. If the risk cannot be eliminated then it must be reduced with control measures:
A simple hand trolley can reduce the risks involved in carrying a load over distance.
A forklift eliminates the risk.